Spring Forward 1 hour Sunday

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Daylight saving time begins on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November.

To remember how to set your clocks, people often use the phrase “jump ahead, lag behind.”

  • Daylight Saving Time starts at 2am on Sunday March 13th. On Saturday night, the clocks are put forward (ie, slacked off an hour) by one hour to ‘jump forward’.
  • Daylight saving time ends at 2 a.m. on Sunday, November 6th. On Saturday evening clocks are put back one hour (ie one hour ahead) to ‘fall back’.

(These dates are for US and Canada locations only; other countries may follow different dates.)

Note: Since the time changes at 2 a.m., it is common to change clocks tonight before bed.

History of Daylight Saving Time

Daylight saving time is the practice of setting clocks an hour ahead of standard time to take advantage of more sunlight on spring, summer, and fall evenings.

Daylight saving time in the US and Canada begins on Sunday March 13, 2022

Daylight saving time starts in Europe on Sunday March 27, 2022

First used in Canada in 1908

While Germany and Austria were the first countries to adopt daylight saving time in 1916, it’s a little-known fact that a few hundred Canadians beat Germany by eight years. On July 1, 1908, the residents of Port Arthur, Ontario—now the Thunder Bay— put their clocks forward one hour to mark the start of the world’s first daylight saving time.

Other locations in Canada soon followed suit. On April 23, 1914, Regina introduced Daylight Saving Time to Saskatchewan. The cities of Winnipeg and Brandon, Manitoba, did so on April 24, 1916. According to the April 3, 1916 edition of the Manitoba Free Press, daylight savings time “proved so popular in Regina that the bylaws now automatically enforce it.”

Legal text for the world’s first area-wide daylight saving time changeover (Reichsgesetzblatt, German Reich, 1916).

Germany Popularized Daylight Saving Time

However, the idea did not catch on worldwide until then Germany introduced daylight saving time in 1916. The clocks in the German Empire and its ally Austria were put forward by one hour April 30, 1916– two years after the start of the First World War. The rationale was to minimize the use of artificial lighting to conserve fuel for the war effort.

Within a few weeks it is United Kingdom, France, and many other countries followed the idea. Most of them reverted to standard time after World War I, and it wasn’t until the next World War that daylight saving time returned to most of Europe.

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Who Invented Daylight Saving Time?

If you think summertime is a good idea, you can thank New Zealand scientist George Vernon Hudson and British builder William Willett. In 1895, Hudson submitted a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a 2 hour shift forward in October and a 2 hour backward shift in March. There was interest in the idea, but it never materialized.

In 1905, independently of Hudson, British master builder William Willett proposed advancing clocks by 20 minutes on each of the four Sundays in April and resetting them by the same amount on each of the four Sundays in September, for a total of eight timers per year.

First Daylight Saving Time Calculation

Willett’s Daylight Saving Plan caught the attention of Robert Pearce, a British MP, and he introduced a bill to the House of Commons in February 1908. The first Daylight Saving Bill was drafted in 1909, submitted to Parliament several times and examined by a select committee. However, many, especially farmers, opposed the idea, so the bill was never made into law.

Willett died in 1915, a year before daylight saving time began in the UK in May 1916. It is not known if he knew that his idea had become a reality in a small Ontario town seven years before his death.

Summertime can cause health problems

Benjamin Franklin, the father of Daylight Saving Time?

Many sources also credit Benjamin Franklin with being the first to propose a seasonal time change. However, the idea that the American inventor and politician formulated in 1784 can hardly be described as fundamental to the development of modern daylight saving time. After all, it wasn’t even about turning the clocks. In a letter to the editor of the Journal of Paris entitled “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light,” Franklin simply suggested that Parisians could economize on candle consumption by getting people out of bed earlier. What’s more, Franklin meant it as a joke.

Does DST really save energy?

An ancient idea

Although modern daylight saving time has only been used for about 100 years, ancient civilizations are known to have used comparable practices thousands of years ago. For example, Roman water clocks used different scales for different months of the year to adjust daily routines to solar time.

Daylight saving time today

Daylight Saving Time is now used in over 70 countries around the world, affecting over a billion people each year. The start and end dates vary from country to country.

Source: dayandtime.com

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